What are the consequences of running away from home?
Legal Consequences of running away from home? | Yahoo Answers
The present study adds to this small body of literature by examining runaway behavior in a longitudinal cohort of 4,329 youth followed from Grade 9 to age 21, with a special focus on the potentially important roles of substance use and depressive symptoms as both antecedents and long-term consequence of running away from home. This study had the following three goals: to identify adolescent risk factors associated with running away from home; to understand whether running away from home increases an adolescent’s risk for substance abuse and depressive symptoms at age 21; and to examine whether the risk factors and outcomes associated with running away differed for low- versus high-frequency runaways. Consistent with existing evidence that family dysfunction is a common reason for running away, we hypothesized that adolescents who initially perceived lower parental support would be more likely to subsequently run away from home. However, we also expected that substance use and depressive symptoms, as well as school disengagement, would emerge as additional unique predictors of running away after adjusting for the level of perceived parental support. In terms of young adult outcomes, we hypothesized that the experience of running away from home during adolescence would in turn increase the likelihood of later substance abuse and depressive symptoms at age 21, even after accounting for the antecedent risk factors just mentioned. Although we are controlling for these antecedent factors, we do not have any formal hypotheses regarding the associations between Grade 9 predictors and age 21 outcomes. Finally, in light of evidence that repeat runaways differ from one-time runaways on a range of psychosocial characteristics (; ), we conducted exploratory analyses to determine whether the risk factors and outcomes associated with running away differ for low- versus high-frequency runaways..
What are the Consequences of Running Away from Home
This study has a number of strengths, perhaps the most important being the use of longitudinal data to identify precursors and consequences of running away from home. Although the correlational nature of the data preclude us from determining cause and effect, use of these data brings us a step closer to understanding the temporal nature of these associations. Another strength is the ability to control for Grade 9 delinquency, substance use, and depressive affect (as well as a host of other demographic and psychosocial variables) in examining the associations of running away with the young adult outcomes at age 21. Doing so helps to isolate the unique contribution of running away from home on substance use and depressive symptoms over time. Given that much of the previous work on runaway youth has used small convenience or clinical samples, the use of a large school-based cohort that allowed for the comparison of runaways and non-runaways is another strength of this study.